IUVA Education Resource Center

Regulation/Standards Resources

Guiding Principles

Information must be recognized as valued: accurate information is key to improving education and critical for effective decisionmaking. Stakeholders must be able to rely on the accuracy of the information shared. Information must have clearly defined accountability: information shared will not violate any privacy or anti-trust policies- this is everyone’s responsibility. Quality must be defined for any piece of information across its life cycle: the quality standards will align closely with IUVA’s mission, vision, and committees and task forces.

Carolina Koutras, Director, Clinical Studies, R-Zero, combines an extensive background in research and innovation, having led global clinical science and R&D activities in the private sector, and the implementation of major strategic investments in health research and capacity building in the public sector. Dr. Koutras founded Mindelio Inc., a consulting company specializing in research programming in the high growth private sector and leads scientific research at RZero Systems. Dr. Koutras is a member of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control & Epidemiology (APIC) and the IUVA and Co-Chairs the Technology and Research of Air and Surface Treatment (TRAST) Task Force. She was a Donald Burns and Louise Berlin Fellowship recipient, holds a PhD from Laval University, a BSc from Paris Descartes University, and is fluent in English, French, and Brazilian Portuguese.

Jeremy Kuempel is the Head of Hardware at R-Zero Systems where he was also the first engineering hire and employee #5. He is a mechanical engineer and product designer with experience in design, modeling, regulatory, certification, manufacturing, installations and large-scale deployments. Products lead by Jeremy over the course of his career have won 5 Red Dot Design Awards and 1 IDEAs award. Jeremy is an alum of MIT and serves on the IUVA Regulatory and Standards committee.

Carolina Koutras
Director, Clinical Studies, R-Zero Systems

Jeremy Kuempel
Head of Hardware, R-Zero Systems

Documents & Resources

USAMethod of evaluating the UV dose to airborne microorganisms transiting in-duct ultraviolet germicidal irradiation devicesISO 157142019
USAUltraviolet Radiation GuidelinesACGIH2023
USACriteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Ultraviolet RadiationCDC2014
USAMeasuring Maintenance of Light Output Characteristics of Solid-State Light SourcesIES LM-802021
USAApplication Distance RadiometryIES LM-91-222022
USAOptical and Electrical Measurement of Ultraviolet LEDsIES LM-92-222022
USAOptical and Electrical Measurements of Far UV-C Excimer SourcesIES LM-93-222022
USASpectroradiometric Measurement Methods for Light SourcesIES LM-582020
USARisk Group Classification and Minimization of Photobiological Hazards From Ultraviolet Lamps and Lamp SystemsIES 27.1-20222022
USAUltraviolet Air DisinfectionCIE 155:20032003
USADisinfection using ultraviolet radiation.

Methods for quantitative testing of automated ultraviolet disinfection activities by direct illumination. Determination of bactericidal, mycobactericidal, sporicidal, yeasticidal, fungicidal, virucidal and phagocidal activities

BS 8628:222022
USAUVC devices, safety information, permissible human exposure

Specifies minimum human safety requirements for the use of UVC lamp devices. It is applicable to in-duct UVC systems, upper-air in room UVC systems, portable in-room disinfection UVC devices, and any other UVC devices which may cause UVC exposure to humans.

ISO 15858:2016 2016
CACalifornia Air Resources Board

Since 2010, all portable indoor air cleaning devices sold to people or businesses in California are required to be certified by CARB. As of October 2020, electronic in-duct air cleaning devices are also subject to the regulation. To be certified, all air cleaners must be tested for electrical safety. Electronic air cleaners must also be tested for ozone emissions and meet an ozone emission concentration limit of 0.050 parts per million (50 ppb).

USAFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and Federal Facilities

The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) is the Federal statute that governs the registration, distribution, sale, and use of pesticides in the United States.

EURestriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS)RoHS2022
CACA: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
COCO: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
DCDC: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
HIHI: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
NMNM: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
OKOK: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
WVWV: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
WYWY: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
PRPuerto Rico: Pesticide RegistrationPesticide Registration2023
CanadaLuminaires (Trinational standard with UL 1598 and NMX-J-307/1-ANCE)CSA C22.2 No. 250.02021
CanadaLight Emitting Diode (Similar to UL 8750)CSA C22.2 No. 250.132022
CanadaSafety Requirements for Electrical Equipment For Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use;CSA C22.2 No. 610102018
CanadaFans and ventilatorsCSA C22.2 No 1132018
CanadaHousehold and similar electrical appliances Safety Part 2-65: Particular requirements for air-cleaningCSA E60335-2-65:2011 Ed. 22016
CanadaElevator and Escalator electrical equipmentCSA B44.12014
USAPhotobiological Hazards From UV LampsANSI RP-27.1-222022
USAPerformance Standard: Healthcare Germicidal Light Whole-Room Surface DisinfectionANSI/HIS 2000:202X2023
USAHeating and Cooling EquipmentUL 19952015
USARefrigerant Detector RequirementsUL 60335-2-402019
USAPhotobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems

Gives guidance for evaluating the photobiological safety of lamps and lamp systems including luminaires. Specifically it specifies the exposure limits, reference measurement technique and classification scheme for the evaluation and control of photobiological hazards from all electrically powered incoherent broadband sources of optical radiation, including LEDs but excluding lasers, in the wavelength range from 200 nm through 3000 nm.

IEC 624712006
USAControl of Infectious Aerosols

Provides minimum requirements for HVAC-related measures to reduce the risk of transmission of COVID-19, influenza, and other airborne viruses in homes, offices, schools, hospitals during periods of high risk.

ASHRAE 241P2023
USAMethod of Testing UV-C Lights for Use in Air-Handling Units or Air Ducts to Inactivate Airborne Microorganisms

ASHRAE Standard 185.1 establishes a test method to evaluate UV-C lamps for their ability to inactivate airborne ASHRAE Standard 185.1 establishes atest method to evaluate UV-C lamps for their ability to inactivate airbornemicroorganisms. It defines procedures for generating test bioaerosols and forsampling upstream and downstream of the UV-C lamp.In addition, the standard establishesperformance specifications for test equipment, quality assurance standards, andmethods of calculating and reporting results from the test data.This method of test may also be usedto test air-cleaning devices that do not use ultraviolet technology if thedevice being tested can be installed in the testing duct system as described.Test reports should note that results were from a modified test and include thespecific device tested and modifications made to the method.

ASHRAE 185.12020
USAMethod of Testing Ultraviolet Lamps for Use in HVAC&R Units or Air Ducts to Inactivate Microorganisms on Irradiated Surfaces

Standard 185.2 establishes a testmethod to measure the intensity of ultraviolet (UV-C) lamps on irradiatedsurfaces under typical HVAC&R operating conditions. It also defines methodsof calculating and reporting results obtained from the test data.

ASHRAE 185.22020
USAMethod of Testing In-Room Devices and Systems for Microorganism Removal or Inactivation in a ChamberLinda Lee

The standard establishes a method of test for evaluating inroom devices and systems for microorganism removal or inactivation in a chamber.

ASHRAE 185.3P2023
USAMethod of Testing In-Room Ultraviolet Devices and Systems for Microbial Inactivation on Surfaces in a Test RoomKatja AuerASHRAE 185.42023
USAMethod of Testing HVAC-duct mounted Devices and Systems and In-Room devices for Particle and Microorganism Removal or Inactivation in a Chamber with a Recirculating Duct SystemKathleen OwenASHRAE 185.52023
USAMethods Of Testing For Efficiency Of Space-Conditioning/Water Heating Appliances That Include A Desuperheater Water Heater

This standard covers electric, air-to-air, space-conditioning appliances that include a refrigerant-to-water desuperheater and have rated cooling capacities of less than 65,000 Btu/h.

ASHRAE 1372023
USAVentilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality

Standard 62.1 specifies minimum ventilation rates and other measures intended to provide indoor air quality (IAQ) that?s acceptable to human occupants and that minimizes adverse health effects.

ASHRAE 62.12023
USAVentilation and Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Residential Buildings

Standard 62.2, ASHRAE?S consensus residential ventilation and IAQ standard for dwelling units with nontransient occupants, has been updated for 2022. The standard describes the minimum requirements to achieve acceptable IAQ via dwelling-unit ventilation, local mechanical exhaust, and source control.

ASHRAE 62.22023
USAAir Quality Within Commercial Aircraft

Helps to assure safe and comfortable air quality within commercial passenger air-carrier aircraft.

ASHRAE 1612019
USAVentilation of Health Care Facilities


ASHRAE 1702020
Enhanced Indoor Air Quality in Commercial and Institutional BuildingsASHRAE 42p2018
USALegionellosis: Risk Management for Building Water Systems

Establishes minimum legionellosis risk management requirements for building water systems.

ASHRAE 1882018
USAMethod of Test for Evaluating Building Performance Simulation Software

These standard test procedures apply to software that simulate the performance of a building and its systems. While these standard test procedures cannot test all algorithms within a building performance simulation software, they can be used to indicate major flaws or limitations in capabilities.

ASHRAE 140-20202021
USAEnergy Simulation Aided Design for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings

This standard applies to new buildings or major renovations of, or additions to, existing buildings utilizing energy simulation during the design process. This standard does not apply to single-family houses, multi-family structures of three stories or fewer above grade, manufactured houses (mobile homes) and modular homes.

ASHRAE 209-20182018
USAProtocols for Evaluating Ruleset Application in Building Performance Models

This standard establishes tests and acceptance criteria for application of rulesets and related reporting for building performance models.

USAGeneral hospital and personal use devicesFDA 8802023
USAMedical ultraviolet air purifierFDA 880.65002023
USAUltraviolet (UV) radiation chamber disinfection deviceFDA 880.66002023
USAOutline of Investigation for Germicidal Systems

Governs installed UVC luminaires for electrical and safety compliance

UL 88022021
USAOutline of Investigation for Portable UV Germicidal Equipment With Uncontained UV Sources

Covers portable germicidal equipment for use in households and similar environments households and similar environments

UL 88032017

Safety testing for luminaires

UL 15982021
USAZero Ozone Emissions Validation

Covers air cleaning products including standalone air cleaning devices (electrostatic air cleaners, electronic air purifiers, etc.) and Duct-mounted air cleaning devices like ionizers or UV lighting systems.

UL 29982022
USAElectrostatic Air Cleaners

Addresses the safety of portable and fixed (including duct-connected) electrostatic air cleaning equipment and ion generators.

UL 8672018
USAElectric FansUL 5072017
USASafety Requirements for Electrical Equipment For Measurement, Control, and Laboratory Use;UL 610102012
USAUltraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI)

RP44 was prepared by the IES Photobiology Committee to better inform all interested lighting specialists as well as those responsible for infectious disease control.

IES RP-44-212021